Ukrainian Disarmament Agreement
The Nuclear Disarmament Resources Collection contains information and analysis of proposals on the disarmament of nuclear weapons and progress made around the world, including detailed reports on the progress made in the field of disarmament in countries that possess or host other countries` nuclear weapons on their territory. In 2016, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made another statement, saying the agreement only provided that its signatories “would not use nuclear weapons against Ukraine” – which is not true. Ukrainian and Russian officials have reached a number of agreements, including protocols on the reduction of nuclear weapons, procedures and conditions of compensation. However, the two sides failed to agree on the final document and the summit ultimately failed. Pavlo Rizanenko, a member of the Ukrainian Parliament, told USA Today that if the United States and other world leaders do not stop the agreement, Ukraine may have to arm itself with its own nuclear weapons. He said: “We gave up nuclear weapons because of this agreement. Ukraine is now very much in a big mistake.  He also said: “In the future, no matter how the situation in Crimea is resolved, we will need a much stronger Ukraine. If you have nuclear weapons, people don`t invade you.  In February 2014, Russian troops seized or blocked various airports and other strategic sites in Crimea.  The troops were connected to the Russian Black Sea fleet stationed in Crimea, which forced Russia to violate the Budapest Memorandum. The Russian Foreign Ministry had confirmed the movement of armoured units attached to the Black Sea fleet in Crimea, but said they were acting within the framework of the various agreements between the two countries. Other Russian official sources denied that the units at Sevastopol International Airport were attached to the Black Sea fleet.  Russia reacted and supported a referendum on Crimea`s accession to Crimea.
Russia announced that the referendums would be held by “local forces.” On 16 March, Russia annexed Crimea and Ukraine strongly protested against the action in violation of Article 1 of the Budapest Memorandum. In February 2016, Sergei Lavrov stated that “Russia has never violated the Budapest Memorandum. It contained only an obligation not to attack Ukraine with nukes.  Canadian journalist Michael Colborne noted, however, that “the Budapest Memorandum does have six commitments and the first is to “respect Ukraine`s independence and sovereignty and existing borders.” Colborne also pointed out that a broadcast of Lavrov`s assertion on the Twitter account of the Russian Embassy in the United Kingdom was in fact “a link to the text of the Budapest Memorandum itself, with the six obligations, including the obligations that Russia has clearly violated – to see exactly there for everyone.” Steven Pifer, an American diplomat who helped draft the Budapest Memorandum, later commented “the verisms with Russian diplomacy and their contempt for international opinion, when the Secretary of State says something that can be proven false with less than 30 seconds of checking Google`s facts?”  Russia argued that the United States violated the third point of the agreement by introducing and threatening new sanctions against yanukovych`s government.